Unformatted text preview: Changes gender norms in own family • “Mothering” ≠ “mothering arrangements” o One is the emotional and psychological relationship with the children o The other refers to who is doing the daily routine of the mother • “American” Norms Class? o Class and ethnic differences o Americans are very mobile o Economically mobile o Employment has become national o Criticism of women who spend to much time at the office Espirito • Gender independence v. Patriarchy o Filipinos preserving culture and ethnicity o Women are the “holders of tradition” o Fathers police family roles Create gender norms o • White 2245 “American” o BUT • American ≠ White o She generalizes that it’s just whites...
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- Fall '07
- Gender Studies, Avila Esperito, Espirito Gender independence