Lecture 1/9/08

Lecture 1/9/08 - PHIL 10 4/14/2008 Argument o Leads you to...

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PHIL 10 5/12/2009 Argument o Leads you to what is true o They come in various forms o Verbal, written propositional, representations of episodes of reasoning o Determining what follows from facts or assumptions o Set of statements such that one is taken to follow from the others Logic o Reasoning through a problem/criticism Example o Either the pizza in my hand is a cheese pizza or the pizza in my hand is a pepperoni pizza The pizza in my hand is not a pepperoni pizza The pizza in my hand is a cheese pizza There will always be exactly 1 conclusion There can be any number of premises Types of Arguments o Deductive Premises are taken to provide complete, watertight support for the conclusion (may or may not be successful) Example If I file my taxes I will get a refund o I will file my taxes I will get a refund If these premises were/ are true, then the conclusion would have to be true If the conclusion is/were false, then at least one of the premises would have to be false o Inductive Premises are taken to provide probable support for the conclusion, but not watertight support (may or may not be successful)
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Lecture 1/9/08 - PHIL 10 4/14/2008 Argument o Leads you to...

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