Study_Guide_Prehistory_Test__1

Study_Guide_Prehistory_Test__1 - Study Guide Prehistory...

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Study Guide Prehistory Test #1 Know the following people: Charles Darwin o 1831-1836, joined the Beagle crew, surveyed South American coast o 1859 wrote the origin of species o Evolution- the gradual process of systematic change in a species over time o Natural Selection- process of how species evolve, advantageous traits are more likely to survive and be passed on James Hutton o Uniformitarianism- the belief that the appearance of the earth could be understood as resulting from slow processes happening over a long period of time Charles Lyell o Used Principles of geology to promote uniformitarianism o Wrote principles of geology Jacques Boucher de Perthes o Stone axes in the Somme valley in France o Man made tools associated with extinct species o Antediluvian- before the flood Christian Jurgensen Thompson o 3 age system- stone, bronze and iron ages Archbishop James Ussher o Thought the world was created October 23 rd , 4004 BC Know the cultural & physical characteristics of the following hominids (including rough ages, tool use, major sites, and continents they are found on):
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Sahelanthropus tchadensis o Discovered 2001 in Chad o Dates 7-6 MYA o Small brain size- 300CC Australopithecus afarensis o Found mid 1970’s in Hadar o Half of a female “Lucy” o 4-3 MYA o 400-50 CC brain o 75-125 lbs o Bipedal Homo habilis o 2.4-1.8 MYA o Found Koobi Fora, Kenya and Olduvai gorge, Tanzanian o 500-800 CC brain o Skull similar to human, round vault, small brow ridge, narrow around eyes Homo erectus ( and Homo ergaster, Homo antecessor) o Upright, probably direct from H. Habilis o 1.8 MYA- 200 KYA o 900 CC brain o Acheulean tool industry o Spread across old world, adjusted to environments o H. Ergaster (Africa) Oldest in Koobi For a 1.78 MYA Nariokatome boy 1.6 MYA (9 yrs old) o Europe Oldest 800 KYA Gran Pana Atapuera (Spain)
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o Asia China Stone tools Oldest 1.66 MYA East Asia Java man found near Trinil (1891) Nyandory 12 H. erectus skulls (1930’s) Sonyian 40 skeletons found (1937) Myolsero skull (1.8 MYA) Homo floresiensis o “The hobbit” o Homo erectus with growth disorder? (3ft 44lbs) , Modern human with microcephaly? H. erectus that underwent island dwarfing? o 18 KYA o Discovered in 2004 Archaic Homo sapiens o 600 KYA- 30 KYA o Robust facial features o 1220 CC brain (20% larger than H erectus) o Levalloisian technology o Sima de los Haesos 55 M pit 32 skeletons, Intentional burial? Homo neanderthalensis o 125 KYA- 30 KYA o Europe and SW Asia o Mousterian tools o Adapted to cold temps, broad torso, short limbs to retain heat o Buried dead, cared for sick o Good hunters, meat rich diet o Kobeh cave, Kedara cave, Vindiju cave
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Homo sapiens (AMHs) o Us Know the following stone tool traditions: Oldowan o 2.6 MYA by Louis and Mary Leaky o Simple chopping tools and stone flakes o Coincide with appearance of H Habilis Acheulean o 1.5 MYA Africa, 1.4 MYA Near East, 600 KYA in Europe
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course ANTH 140 taught by Professor Fisher during the Spring '08 term at Colorado State.

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Study_Guide_Prehistory_Test__1 - Study Guide Prehistory...

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