phr take home. locke-marx

phr take home. locke-marx - Dan Sendik PHR 101 Test...

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Dan Sendik PHR 101 Test two (take home)-political philosophy 1a. In the state of nature, according to Locke, people are all equal, they all have the same rights, rank, and tools. People are not allowed to harm one another, themselves, or their possessions in Locke’s state of nature. The law of nature states, “All men may be restrained from invading other’s rights.”(308) The law of nature is the only law in the state of nature and it is carried out by anyone and everyone using any means necessary to stop the violation of the law. Locke says the law of nature came from God giving the world to humans and we must uphold it. The only way the state of nature can be left is if a person joins a political society. People may want to leave the state of nature only because they see other advantages in political societies or simply because they are following their human nature to be greedy, seeking power in a society other than the state of nature. 1b. Marx’s challenge to Locke’s state of nature is not a problem to his theory because the state of nature is a perfect society and is not easily achieved. While it is true that you should not build your philosophical explanation on imaginary conditions, Marx can only assume that the state of nature is imaginary. Just because it has not ever been achieved does not mean it is impossible. If the state of nature could be proven impossible, Locke’s explanations of government and property would then be broken because they rely on the people acting on the law of nature to uphold the state of nature. 2a. Locke says that all nature is not owned by any single person. Property is acquired through the work done on or to it by a person. He “mixed his labor with it, and joined it to something of his
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own, making it his property.”(310) This ownership of private property begins with the labor done to it. Locke says an apple on a tree is everyone’s while still in its natural state, but when it is picked (labor is done on it), the apple now belongs to the person who picked it. Property ownership is limited by how much labor a person could do on it. For example, a farmer can only own as much land as he can use. He cannot own land that he cannot fully maintain. That is greed and violates the law of nature. Money, “the most lasting thing that men might keep without spoiling, and men would exchange that for the truly useful but perishable supports of life”(313),
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phr take home. locke-marx - Dan Sendik PHR 101 Test...

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