HLT54115 Diploma of Nursing HLTENN011 – Version 3.2 January 2019 HLTENN011 Implement and monitor care for a person with acute health problems HLT54115 Diploma of Nursing ASSESSMENT TASK 1 - QUESTIONING Instructions for completion •You are required to answer all questions correctly in Assessment Task 1 – Questioning. You are to complete this assessment in your own time with access to resources. •Responses to the questions can be typed or submitted handwritten •Written responses must be legible and in pen NOT pencil •It is important to proof read your answer paper, to avoid grammar and spelling mistakes. •Please use only APA format of referencing. Do not copy and paste text from any of the online sources. SCEI has a strict plagiarism policy and students who are found guilty of plagiarism, will be penalized •Write your name, student ID, the assessment task and the name of the unit of competency on each piece of paper you attach to this assessment document •You are required to submit this assessment to your trainer/assessor by the due date DUE DATE The trainer/assessor will inform you of the due date
HLT54115 Diploma of Nursing HLTENN011 – Version 3.2 January 2019 Q1. Explain the Etiology and outline at least TWO (2) clinical features for each the following acute health problem. a)Acute Kidney Injury The cause of acute kidney injury can be divided into three categories: Prerenal- caused by decreased renal perfusion, often because of volume depletion. Intrinsic renal- caused by process within the kidney. Postrenal- caused by inadequate drainage of urine distal to the kidneys. Clinical features: Too little urine leaving the body. Swelling in legs, ankles, and around the eyes. b)Acute gastrointestinal disorders - Other common causes include bacteria, such as salmonella, campylobacter, or Escherichia coli; giardia; certain medical conditions (such as Celiac disease or Crohn's disease); food intolerance or medicines. Clinical features: Constipation Irritable bowel syndrome Internal haemorrhoids Anal fistula ("The Most Common Signs & Symptoms of Gastrointestinal Disorders", 2021). c)Ischemic stroke- Ischemic stroke occurs when a blood clot blocks or narrows an artery leading to the brain. A blood clot often forms in arteries damaged by the build-up of plaques (atherosclerosis). Clinical features of Ischemic stroke – Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body. Sudden confusion. Sudden trouble speaking. ("Ischemic Stroke’,2021)
HLT54115 Diploma of Nursing HLTENN011 – Version 3.2 January 2019 d)Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS)- Many cases of CRPS occur after a forceful trauma to an arm or a leg. This can include a crushing injury or a fracture. Other major and minor traumas, such as surgery, heart attacks, infections and even sprained ankles also can lead to CRPS. It's not well understood why these injuries can trigger CRPS.