Folder Two Homework: Fall of the Aztecs, Colonial New Spain, and Independence

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Paige Lamb 7/10/14 Dr. Nicholson HS362 Folder Two: Homework 1. What event in Spain allowed for unification? How did that allow Spain to challenge Portugal on the world arena? The fall of the last Islamic Kingdom allowed unification for Spain. After this event, Spain had the power to achieve greater status in both economic and military areas. This gave Spain the chance to challenge Portugal as they expanded overseas. 2. “Reconquista” Reconquista is the reconquest of land. Spain was split between Christian and Muslim faiths and ideals, however, in the 15 th century, the Christian people of Spain were reconquering the land against the Muslims. The Spanish used this method to gain control and wealth and challenge Portugal. 3. Who was Hernan Cortes and how did he exemplify a conquistador? Hernan Cortes was a Spanish man of lower status whom conquered the Aztec people. He exemplified a conquistador through his attitude, love for money, and his desire to make it to the new world. Cortes was not born into a very wealthy family, therefore his drive for money and gold kept him motivated. This determination was not stunted by who Cortes would take on the trip with him either; the men he took were of lower class than himself and some were criminals. Cortes’ passion to gain riches helped him on his journey to defeat the Aztecs, showing his conquistador attitude. 4. Who was Bartolome de Las Casas? What important book he write? Why is it important? Bartolome de Las Casas was a Spanish man whom was not like all Spaniards before him. For example, he did not agree in the mistreatment of the native people in the lands they were conquering, therefore he wrote a book on his first-hand views on native brutality called Historia Des Las Indias. This book was important because, not only did it pioneer the movement to end the mistreatment of native people, but it also brought to light the injustice the Spaniards had been bringing to the people whom lived on the land first.
5. Briefly explain the story of Cortes and his journey to Cuba then Mexico. Hernan Cortes, as stated before, was determined to make it to the New World to make it big, no matter what got in his way. The governor of Cuba granted Cortes trading rights, but not the right to conquest, however, he did not listen. Cortes, along with prisoners, men of low status, and all of the meat supply of Santiago, Cuba that he stole, set off on their journey to Mexico. Cortes was hopeful that if he brought back land for the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, he would not get punished for disobeying the governor’s orders and thus began his conquest in Mexico. 6. Who was Malinalli (Marina)? What role did she plan the conquest of Mexico by Cortes? Malinalli, or Marina, was a slave girl given to Cortes as a peace offering from natives of the gulf coast in Mexico. Marina was fluent in both Nahuatl and Mayan languages, therefore, Cortes used her to his advantage as a translator to communicate with the natives. She served as a mistress as well as an ally to Cortes until she married another conquistador after bearing Cortes a son.

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