Topic 14 .pdf - Name: Honor Pledge: Topic 14 14.1: The Rise...

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Name:Honor Pledge:Topic 1414.1: The Rise of Aggressive DictatorsWorld War I and the Great Depression affected all parts of the world. In some countries, the economicuncertainty led to the rise of new leadership. Often these leaders became aggressive dictators, giving riseto an international conflict that would be greater than even that of World War ITake notes from the slides in class on the dictators that came to power around the world in the1920s and 1930s.Political Movement & BeliefsAggressive Action Taken in 1920s & 1930sJoseph StalinCreates a Totalitarian Governmentwith “five-year plans” replacingprivate farms with collectives.Transforms USSR into industrialPower eliminates anyone whothreatens his power; 8–13 millionkilledTakes over USSR following Lenin’s deathBenitoMussoliniPromotes Fascism 1922: comes topower with w/support of police,army & establishes the totalitarianstateplays on fears ofeconomic collapse, communismAdolf Hitlerbecomes leader ofNational Socialist German Workers’PartyWroteMein Kampfbasic beliefs ofNazismWants to unite German-speaking people,enforce racial “purification”Dismantles democratic Weimar Republic;establishesThird ReichJapaneseMilitarists1937: Japan launches new attack onChinaFDR sends aid to ChinaHe says wants to isolate aggressor nations tostop warFranciscoFrancorebels againstSpanish republicbegins Spanish Civil WarHistories have identified the failures of the Treaty of Versailles (remember it ended World War I) as amajor cause of World War II.
Look atthis linkthat discusses how the Treaty of Versailles helped lead to World War II andanswer the questions below.1.Why did the treaty upset the German people?The treaty failed to secure lasting peace. Germans resented being blamed for the war, being told to paywar debt, and being stripped of border territories.1.What action did they take to show their dissatisfaction with the current government?They voted Adolf Hitler into power.By 1937 Hitler had declared to his military advisors that Germany needed to take the land of its neighborsto grow and prosper. In March of 1938, Austria was the first country Hitler invaded.Followthis linkand answer the two questions below:7) How did Austrians react to Hitler’s invasion of their country?They were excited and welcomed Hitler.8) How did the powers of Europe react to Hitler’s invasion of Austria?Mussolini did nothing. Britain and France verbally protested to the German government but did nothingelse.Look atthis mapof the Sudetenland and then read the section titled “Failure of Appeasement”fromthis pagethat describes Hitler’s action in the Sudetenland.9) Prior to the German invasion, Sudetenland was part of what country?Czechoslovakia10) Define British Prime Minister Chamberlin’s policy of Appeasement.It is a policy of granting concessions to a potential enemy in the hope that peace can be maintained.

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