Running Head: HST 408 Final EssayHST408 FINAL ESSAY ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY HST 408 Final Paper1
Running Head: HST 408 Final EssayThe American Civil War’s primary motivation was due to the strong clash of opinions over slavery in the North and the South. There were many secondary contributing factors including, but not limited to, court decisions (Williams, 2014, pg. 109) and land disputes (Masur,2014, pg. 10). The North ultimately succeeded in the reunification of the United and Confederate states, even though the South, in part because they were fighting on familiar land, had the upper-hand at the onset (Masur, 2011, pg. 25). Reconstruction post-war, did not turn out as intended. Some of the rights awarded to blacks, were not in effect as laws until a century later. The Civil War helped to lay the foundation for the equality laws in place today. As a result, the United States of America can be declared the winner.Waging WarAnyone who knows anything about the American Civil War knows it had a lot to do with slavery, if not everything. It’s an elementary school lesson that few forget. It is an accurate thought, because if it were not for slavery, the war would not have taken place at all. What some may not realize is that there were many factors that played a role in addition to slavery. Secondary contributing factors included economic separation and sectionalism (Stevens, 2015), and the South’s fear of losing their workforce. The “cash crops” as they are known, would have been unattainable and unmanageable without the sheer number of workers who were enslaved (Williams, 2014, pg. 9). These all added to the ultimate decision made by many Southern states to secede from the Union, and begin fighting for states’ rights. The creation of the radical Republican party and the rise of Lincoln in the North (Williams, 2014, pg. 109), paired with the 2
Running Head: HST 408 Final EssaySouth’s refusal to adhere to congressional promises to restrict slavery, further fueled the turmoil between the two sides. The defining border between the Northern Union states and the Southern Confederate states was the southern Missouri border. In an effort to equalize representation in congress, it was decided that all states south of the border were slave states and north of the border were free states (Williams, 2014, pg. 104). In 1836, Texas declared independence from Mexico, which caused tension over the addition of another slave state in the South (Masur, 2011, pg. 10). The United States ultimately declared war on Mexico May 13, 1846 to defend the Texas border because Mexico did not recognize its independence. In the end, Mexico surrendered not only Texas but, New Mexico and California too (Masur, 2014, pg. 10-11). The North and South continued to disagree on the subject of slavery, but now also regarding these new territories.