HST408 journal 1.docx - 1 How did slavery develop...

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1. How did slavery develop throughout the world and especially in the British colonies of North America? 1440s Portuguese created European/African connection and introduction of African slaves (pg.2) Italian merchants carried out slave trade selling people from Slavic countries; Armenia, Bulgaria, Russia (pg. 3) Italian slave trade so prevalent with Slavic region that word “slave” derived from word “Slav” (pg. 3) 35k voyages with 300 people each bringing captives from Africa to Europe to the Americas from 1500s to 1860s (pg. 10) Approximately 5% ended up in N. America (pg. 15) Mid-seventeenth century colonists began formally putting slavery into place through legislation and court rulings (pg. 25) Massachusetts first colony to enshrine slavery into law (pg. 27) By 1710, more enslaved Africans & African Americans than whites, creating anxiety and fear of insurrection for owners (pg. 66) 2. Why did slavery become so important in the American South? 1600s to 1865 vast majority of slaves worked in agriculture producing the cash crops generating the wealth of America (pg. 40) Slaves brought with them the knowledge of how to grow rice (pg. 41) Cotton took over as leading crop in 1790s (pg. 45) Eli Whitney cotton gin 1793 (pg. 45) 1740s, rice, indigo, tobacco & cotton were cash crops that demanded extensive work force (pg.68) Legislators concluded economic and social structure in Virginia would collapse without slavery (pg. 70) 3. What were some of the conditions and treatment endured by enslaved people? Stored on ship so close they could only lay on their sides (pg. 14) Many became ill; seasickness, scurvy, dysentery, small pox (pg. 15) Got up early, worked into the evening with breaks only for meals (pg. 41) Not allowed literacy, would bring inconvenience according to Negro Act 1740 (pg. 56) Threat of violence & imprisonment to force adherence of literacy laws (pg. 56) Correction/prevention whippings (pg.64)

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