HST408 journal 2.docx - 1 What were the main secondary...

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1. What were the main secondary causes of the Civil War? Annexation of Texas pg. 10 War with Mexico 1846-1848 pg. 10 Lincoln election pg. 18 Ft. Sumter pg. 24 Debate of slavery expansion (lecture) Economic separation (lecture) Sectionalism (lecture) 2. What were the main objectives of both sides? Control of Mississippi River pg. 26 South battle for states’ rights (lecture) North focus of strength of centralized govt. (lecture) Restore the Union (lecture) Get South to adhere (lecture) End of slavery? (lecture) Constant warfare (lecture) Destroy will of the enemy (lecture) 3. What were the main strategies of both sides? Union imposes Naval blockade of all Southern ports pg. 25 Union gain control of Mississippi River & Confederacy prevention of it pg. 26 South control Ft. Sumter at outset of war pg. 24 North more energetic & aggressive once McClellan removed pg. 39 Union be on the offensive (lecture) Union large number of troops (lecture) Union complex logistical lines (lecture) Union strong war based economy (lecture) Confederacy focus on defensive (lecture) Confederacy protracted war (lecture) Confederacy wait it out with hopes of getting help from another nation (lecture) 4. List the most important major battles, who won them, and why (briefly). Grant victories at Ft. Henry & Ft. Donelson in 1862, gaining control of Tennessee & Cumberland Rivers as result, these wins also discouraged British involvement in support of the Confederacy pg. 32 Shiloh, although a victory for the Union, put an end to the hope of quick resolution pg.

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