urban anthropolgy study guide 1

urban anthropolgy study guide 1 - URBAN ANTHROPOLOGY-STUDY...

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URBAN ANTHROPOLOGY---STUDY GUIDE EXAM 1 Urban Danger: Life in a Neighborhood of Strangers Sally Engle Merry pp.115-126 Ethnographic study of a multiethnic housing project in a high-crime neighborhood shows how the boundaries between social groups contribute to the sense that the city is dangerous. Social boundaries make the project a fertile place for crime, while the resident’s awareness of danger comes from their belief that they live in a world of dangerous and unpredictable strangers. Strangers are people in other social networks, known across social boundaries which divide the intimate worlds of the project. 1970’s cultural study of urban danger. Wanted to learn how people who live in high-crime urban areas think about danger, how they deal with it on a daily basis and how anonymity fosters crime. Studied a subsidized housing project called Dover Square . 55% Chinese, 14% black, 9% white, 9% Hispanic. Risk - likelihood of experiencing a crime or harm Danger - fear associated with risk--- the way individuals conceptualize hazards and risks. Danger for the residents has many different meanings: 1. encounters with muggers or deserted streets 2. invasion by culturally alien neighbors 3. nuisance of disheveled drunks asleep on the sidewalk ** Essentially danger is fear of the stranger, the person who is potentially harmful and whose behavior seems unpredictable and beyond control. ** To Chinese in article, blacks are the most dangerous—cannot tell them apart, lump them together into a criminal and predatory population. **Theory of Danger- the sense of danger is rooted in feelings of uncertainty, helplessness and vulnerability triggered by encounters with strangers who belong to unfamiliar, hostile and potentially harmful groups. **Visible cues —dress, sex, demeanor, ethnicity, age. Attempts at understand the reasons for someone’s actions. ** The less contact someone has with members of other groups, the less accurately she will categorize these groups. ** Coexistence of separate social words (segregated groups) divided by sharp social boundaries creates conditions under which residents are likely to experience their environment as dangerous. Fear - individualized depending on each persons experience with harm, sense of competence and control, sense of vulnerability, in general, and other psychological characteristics. Categorical identities —ignore individual variation and are likely to lump very different individuals together. (Similar to racial profiling) Intimacy is seen within ethnic groups—does not cross ethnic lines---- reinforces the idea that
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URBAN ANTHROPOLOGY---STUDY GUIDE EXAM 1 people fear the unknown. . Fear the people that they do not associate with etc. The Broken Fountain
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urban anthropolgy study guide 1 - URBAN ANTHROPOLOGY-STUDY...

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