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Unformatted text preview: Medieval Middle East 11/02/2008 19:08:00 ← Beginnings of Islam – 7 th Century • Muhammad prophet from a noble clan in Western Arabia • C. 580-632 CE founding and rise to Islam • Mecca Pagan Center. worshipped star goddesses • Hijra of 622 to Medina Muhammad immigrates to spread Islam ← ← Mohammad was an orphan no political prestige. Member of “little sharks” but weakest member. ← ← Mecca had conception of Gods as not wanting much to do with them. ← ← Byzantine Empire and Iranian Empire were penetrating Arabia. ← ← Medina Muhammad heard stories of prophets (such as from Christians and Jews). ← ← Muhammad married a widow. In Arabia, women remained autonomous entities and kept their property (different from Europe). ← ← Muhammad was not just interested in material things but was very spiritual. Heard bell and words while meditating. ← ← “One God” complains that those in Mecan are partying and ignoring him. Meccans were annoyed by the idea that • they were being called pagans • they should give their money to the poor...
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This note was uploaded on 04/11/2008 for the course HIST 443 taught by Professor Cole during the Winter '08 term at University of Michigan.
- Winter '08