Iraq Colonialism - Iraq Colonialism and I-Phones British...

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Iraq: Colonialism and I-Phones 21/02/2008 14:41:00 British incorporate Iraq By 1914, 3/4s of Iraqi trade with Britain British conquer Iraq, 1914-1918 Gen Maude enters. Mandate 28 April 1920, Britain is awarded o Mandate over Iraq at San Remo 1920 Revolt July, 1920 revolt breaks out, lasts through October Both Shiites and Sunnis involved Begins in Mosul, spreads down Tigris and Euphrates Shiite South In south, holy cities of Najaf and Karabala Shiite tribes play leading role Leading Role of Shiites Ayatollah Muhammad Taqi Shirazi of Karbala
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o issues fatwa that Muslims can’t be under nonmuslim rule Sayyid Muhammad al-Sadr also important leader o exiled by British to Iran British respond with Airstrikes British Colonial Secretary Winston Churchill was alarmed by revolt whole division sent from India Aerial bombardment Gilbert: Churchill urged use of gas bombs, “especially mustard gas” Toll of Revolt Around 400 Arabs killed 450 British killed 10,000 casualties, 2,000 of whom were British Cost to British treasury
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Iraq Colonialism - Iraq Colonialism and I-Phones British...

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