Egyptian terms - Egyptian cotton-By 1821 long-staple cotton...

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Egyptian cotton -By 1821 long-staple cotton had been discovered and was also put into production; it was a  big cash crop in terms of the economy -This type of cotton was prized by English textiles, so British government had problems with  Muhammad Ali’s aggressive industrial policies because it affected cotton trade -In the years 1863-1879 we have Cotton boom (benefited from US civil war) -During the time Ismail Sidqi was Prime Minister, in the 1930s, we see depressed cotton  prices-it never became a cash crop again, Japanese synthetics appeared Suez Canal Opened in 1869, this Canal is a two-way water system that connected Europe to Asia, cutting  travel time tremendously.  The main interest Britain had in Egypt had to due with the Suez  Canal, since it was the lifeline of the British to India. After Britain and the United States  withdrew their pledge to support the construction of the Aswan Dam due to Egyptian  propositions towards the Soviet Union, Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalized  the Canal in 1956, intending to finance the dam project using revenue from the canal. This  provoked the Suez Crisis, in which the Britain, France and Israel conspired to invade Egypt.  In terms of the Egyptian Economy, the Suez Canal was often the big source of taxes and  funds for the government. Khedive Isma’il He displayed some of his grandfather’s, Mohammad Ali, enthusiasm for modernization.  Ismail's ambitions extended to seeking independence from the Ottoman administration.  Through bribing those of influence; he was able to obtain the Sultan's approval to restrict  ruling succession in his own descendants and gained the title of Khedive in 1867. Under Ismail, the country provided with infrastructure of road and railway lines which  speeded export of raw materials   and inaugurated the Suez Canal for international navigation.  However, during his reign, Egypt’s debts grew largely, so in desperation, Ismail turned to  European Powers to help him out of his financial mess, took a fatal step that allowed Powers  from then on to interfere actively in internal Egyptian affairs.   Khedive Tawfiq
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In 1879 when Ismail deposed and Tawfiq put in power, Egypt was involved in financial and  political troubles brought about by the policy of Ismail, and the situation was made worse by  the inaction of England and France. Dual control was reestablished by governments of  Britain and France in 1879, and Lord Cromer governed country.   Tawfiq's people were dissatisfied, his army colonel, like Ahmad Urabi angry by restraints  put on their ascension in rank and power.  This was the time where small movements began 
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