Egypt from Monarchy to Republic

Egypt from Monarchy to Republic - Egypt from Monarchy to...

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Egypt from Monarchy to Republic 06/02/2008 10:54:00 Egypt in WWI British base for combating Ottomans Alleby invades Jerusalem, 1917 British intelligence foments Arab Revolt o Sharif Hussein lends son Faisal to take Jordan, Syria o Succeeds In Egypt, very bad economy, famine. Nationalists Wilson’s 14 points pledged self-determination Egyptian nationalists pressed demands for independence on end of WWI Leaders had economic interest in independence o Landlords o Entrepreneurs o Some industrialists Versailles In early 1919, Former Education and Justice Minister Sa’d Zaghlul and others  tried to lead a delegation (“wafd”) to Versailles o were prevented by British March 1919 British arrest Zaghlul, Ismail Sidqi, send them in exile to Malta.
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Wafd Party Zaghlul and supporters founded Wafd party o Rural agricultural capitalists o Urban professionals (effendis) o Not a Muslim party but nationalist Coptic Christian landlords were prominent members o Developed peasant grassroots Protests Arrest of Zaghul provokes demonstrations, strikes o Alexandiara, Cairo, other towns Urban crowds, including women Peaseant villagers joined in British cracked down harshly Zpril 1919 Zaghlul and Egyptian delegation at Versailles rebuffed Independence Agistation continued 1921, British allowed Abdul Khaliq Sarwat to lead delegation to London
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He Offers to end violence if British granted independence (this sort of  independence would not harm British interest) Allenby agrees
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  • Spring '08
  • Cole
  • History, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Wafd Party, British Recognize Egypt, British arrest Zaghlul

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