Khomeinist Iran - o weakened by repression Khomeini Returns...

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Khomeinist Iran 18/03/2008 13:44:00 Revolution Shah created big white collar middle class -> MANY Iranian students. increased urbanization but thwarted political development dictatorship, one party 1978 string of massive protests Shah seen as US puppet Reasons for Revolution Economic Too-rapid expansion of oil sector leads to  o false hopes o bottlenecks Uneven Development Neglect of rural population lack of loans Urban Problems Growth of Slums o Peasants flee to cities o 1976: marginal poor = 18% of work force Shah’s hatred of old bazaar o Bazaar nevertheless grows o Bazaaris blamed for inflation, fined
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Strong, weak dissent Dissident networks o clergy and mosque (among few) o Bazaar bankrolls clergy Weakened secularists o national front o leftist guerillas Mojahedin-I Khalq (leftist Islam, cult-like) Fedayan (secular Marxist)
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Unformatted text preview: o weakened by repression Khomeini Returns Growing urban demonstrations 1978 Failure of military cabinet jan. 1979, shah flees Khomeini return Feb. 1979 Phases of Khoemeinis Rule Alliance of middle class nationalists with clergy o Mehdi Bazargan as PM Hostage crisis ends alliance The Great Terror Struggle f leftists with clergy, 1980-1981 o Mojahedin o Abol Hasan Bani-Sadr, president French-trained economist allies with Mojahedin Summer 1981, Ben-Sadr forced to flee 10,000 Mojahedin killed Clerical dominance Khomeini calls for shiite uprising Khoemeini calls on Iraqi Shiites to rise up and overthrow the Arab regimes, including Iraq 18/03/2008 13:44:00 18/03/2008 13:44:00...
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This note was uploaded on 04/11/2008 for the course HIST 443 taught by Professor Cole during the Winter '08 term at University of Michigan.

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Khomeinist Iran - o weakened by repression Khomeini Returns...

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