Qajar Iran - Qajar Iran Qajar Iran 1789-1925 Social Forms...

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Qajar Iran 06/02/2008 10:53:00 Qajar Iran     1789-1925 Social Forms     In Iran, water scarce o Villages placed far apart o Impedes social movements Obstacles to social cohesion o deserts o mountain ranges o lack of rivers except Karun Demographics     1800 population = 5mn 1900 population = 10mn In 1850, 55% peasant villagers o Most villages have population of 250 Urban population less than 20% o There are 11 cities with population 25,000 or more
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Pastoral Nomads     Pastoralists are 50% of population in 1800 Are 25% of population in 1900 o (no decline in absolute numbers, but decline in proportion) 16 major tribal groupings Note: Many tribes are bad because governments want people to pay taxes, and  what if the tribes don’t want to pay taxes? Pain in the ass let me tell you! State Religion     Shiite state with two wings: o civil authorities o clerical judges, educators  Problem of legitimacy in Shi-ism. Clerical Ideology     Decline of Akhbari school o literally approach to sayings of prophet, Imams o denial of legitimacy of Friday prayers, state collection of religious taxes o had been popular sunni-rules najaf, karbala o declined as Qajar state rise in 18 th  century. Usulis     Rise of Usuli school o Clerical jurists as general representatives of Imam
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o Authorized  Friday prayers, taxes o Clerks trained to carry out the independent legal reasoning (ijtihad,  done by mujtahids) 4 sources of law: Quran
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