2_What_is_CP - What is Comparative Politics? Key Questions...

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1 What is Comparative Politics? Key Questions and Answers Political Science 106 Introduction to Comparative Politics January 28, 2008
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2 What is Comparative Politics? Key Questions and Answers 1. Comparative Politics within Pol. Science 2. Approaches to Comparative Research 3. Key Types of Research Questions Types of Research Methods Examples of Questions in Comp Pol 4. Key Types of Answers in Comp Pol Examples of Answers to CP Questions 5. Examples of Questions and Answers 6. Conclusions
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3 Four Subfields of Political Science Comparative politics Studies domestic politics of foreign countries American Politics Studies domestic politics in the US International Relations Studies relations among states (trade, wars, etc) Political Theory Studies the history of political thought, the meaning of terms such as "rights," "justice" and "freedom", etc.
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4 Approaches to Comparative Politics Research Normative Prescribes how politics should be conducted Based on value judgments Predictive Ponders future events Descriptive/Empirical Describes what is happening in different countries Causal/“Positive” Explains why a particular event happened in a particular time and place
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5 Key Types of Research Questions Descriptive What Happened? Asks for description of events Necessary when there is little knowledge on the subject Normative What is best? Asks for a value-based judgment Predictive What will happen? Asks about the future Causal Why Did It Happen? Asks for a causal argument: X was caused by Y and Z
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6 Types of Research Methods Qualitative (small number of cases) Fewer cases More In-depth Attentive to history, context, etc Limitations: Hard to generalize Quantitative (large number of cases) More cases External Validity (generalizability) Use of statistics Limitations Data availability Some concepts hard to quantify
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7 Quantitative Assessment of Democracy
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8 Key Questions in CP: What Explains the Pattern of Democracy?
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9 Key Questions in CP: What Explains the Pattern of Economic Systems?
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10 Key Types of Answers
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course POLI SCI 106 taught by Professor Hererra during the Spring '08 term at University of Wisconsin Colleges Online.

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2_What_is_CP - What is Comparative Politics? Key Questions...

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