Art Notes--Exam 1

Art Notes--Exam 1 - Art 226 Notes-Ch. 10-11-12 African Art...

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Art 226 Notes—Ch. 10-11-12 African Art Prehistoric African Art 6000-4000 BCE “Running Woman” 6000—4000 BCE Algeria NOK: “Terracotta Head” 500 BCE—200 CE (t) terracotta : ‘baked earth’—hard baked clay used for sculptures and as a building material; can be glazed or painted. Jenna Art 1000—1800 CE (Central Sudan) “Mother With Child(?)” 1000-1500 (?) children? or adults ILE IFE Art 11 th th Centuries (Niger) -metal workers -IFE—possible birthplace of humanity? “Oni (King) Sculpture” Zinc Brass Alloy (t) ori inu : the (inner) head -symbolizes ones destiny, life in this world, etc. -designed frontally “Head of a Oni” 11 th th Century Zinc Brass Alloy (t) Oni : king (t) scarification : decorative scars “Seated Figure” 13 th th Centuries -almost life size Benin Art 13 th —16 th Centuries -oldest continuous kinship in the world (t) Oba : king; principle patron of the arts “Head of Oba” 16 th Century Brass -neck rings made of coral beads; emphasize relationship with the god of the waters “Ancestor Alter” -mud platform; heads contain tusks on the tusks “Alter to the Hand & Arm” 17 th —18 th Century (t) ikegobo : ? -leopards, very symbolic; ruler “Iyobas” Queen Mother -1 st wife to give birth to a son -gets her own palace, also becomes a patron of arts -special ‘bird beak’ crown defines her -rooster associated with Queen “Ivory Belt Mask of an Iyoba” Mid-16 th Century -function: worn on hip by Oba -heads of Portuguese alternated with mud fish on head -mud fish are symbolic of “Olukun” god of sea -mud fish are special because they can breath under water and on land “Brass Warrior Plaque” 17 th Century
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Art 226 Notes—Ch. 10-11-12 -from the palace of the Oba, destroyed in 1897 -1000’s of decorated the Oba’s palace, inner walls -leopards were often sacrificed by Oba to the gods Yoruba Art 20 th Century (Nigeria) (long neck) -distinct style, superior quality “Carved Veranda Post” (a) Olowe of Ise: 1900-1938 (t) veranda : porch “King & Queen Veranda Post” (a) Olowe of Ise 20 th Century “Palace Doors” (a) Olowe of Ise 20 th Century “Ere Ibeji Sculpture” 19 th Century (t) shango : thunder god -highest birthrate of twins is among the Yoruba people Asante Art 19 th th Centuries (Ghana) “Akuba Scuplture” (t) Akuba : Aku’s Baby “Kente Cloth” -showed status; Symbolized war used by royal family -men make textiles, not women Kota Art 19 th th Centuries (Gabon) “Reliquary Guardian Figure”
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This note was uploaded on 04/10/2008 for the course ART 226 taught by Professor Pitluga during the Spring '08 term at Slippery Rock.

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Art Notes--Exam 1 - Art 226 Notes-Ch. 10-11-12 African Art...

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