Comparative Grammar Class Notes

Comparative Grammar Class Notes - Comparative Grammar Class...

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Comparative Grammar Class Notes 01/04/2008 10:17:00 -  It is very critical to understand the 5 types -  Distribution trumps form!!! -  type three involves a linking verb plus an adjective -  
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Class Notes 01/04/2008 10:17:00 Passive Sentences     -  Meaning is NOT directly derived from structure -  john punched bill => Bill was punched by John.  How do we get from one to the  next? Agent moves to the end of the sentence Patient/direct object moves to subject slot Add (be + en) to the Verb Phrase -  Transformations in deriving  Bill was punched by John  from   John punched Bill. The subject NP “Bill” moves to the end of the S and the preposition “by” is  inserted to create the  adverbial agentive phrase  “by John” The object NP “Bill” moves to the now vacated subject slot, where it becomes  the new subject. The passive form of the verb is created by adding the passive marker (be + 
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Comparative Grammar Class Notes - Comparative Grammar Class...

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