test 3 vocab terms

test 3 vocab terms - Kingdom Fungi Phylum Zygomycota -...

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Kingdom Fungi Phylum Zygomycota - molds, Rhizopus (bread mold) Phylum Ascomycota - sac fungi (yeasts, morels, truffles) Phylum Basidiomycota - club fungi (mushrooms, puffballs, shelf fungi, rusts, smuts) Phylum Deuteromycota - fungi imperfecti - Penicillium , Aspergillus orphan phyla: Phylum Acrasiomycota - cellular slime molds - ( Dictyostelium ) Phylum Myxomycota - plasmodial slime molds - ( Physarum) Terms Mycology- the study of fungi Heterotrophs- fungi get their food from other sources Parasites- organism that lives in or on a second organism, called a host, usually causing it some harm saprobes- organisms that get their nutrients from dead or decaying matter extracellular digestion – fungal strands secrete digestive enzymes to dissolve its host (food) hypha (-ae) – intertwined tiny filaments that compose the body of a fungus hyphae give fungi enormous surface area Hyphae form special reproductive structures that are characteristic of the different Phylums mycelium (-ia) – the collective name for fungi’s hyphae chitin – cell walls of fungi are made of chitin multinucleate – having two or more nuclei hyphae are an example of multinucleate tubes cytoplasmic streaming – the flow of cytoplasm that carries nutrients to the growing tips of hyphae lignin – substance that gives wood its stiffness that only fungi can decompose symbiosis – “to live together” – means the interdependence of different species mutualism – symbiosis in which both partners benefit lichens – a symbiotic relationship between a fungus and a green algae or cyanobacteria Three Body Types of Lichens: crustose – thin encrustation foliose – leaf-like fruticose – thin branches sporangium (-ia) – structure in which spores are formed gametangium (-ia) – the fused structure of fused hyphae projections conjugation – sexual fungal reproduction by fusion of nuclei mating strain – no male or female fungi, we call mating strains + or - spore – haploid cells in a protective envelope that develop directly into haploid adults
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are formed in sporangium; are non-motile, spread by wind, water and animals monokaryotic – fungi with only one nucleus in each cell are monokaryotic dikaryotic – fungi with two nuclei in each cell conidiophore - spore-bearing part of fungus: a simple or branched part hypha of a fungus that produces spores asexually conidia – haploid spores slime mold - multicellular organisms that form tiny, spore-producing fruiting bodies of various shapes plasmodium – feeding stage of slime molds swarm cell – cell used in reproduction Phylum Zygomycota - bread molds, Rhizopus stolon – long hyphae that run across the surface of their food runner-like, spreads the mold rhizoid – root-like projections, anchors the mold sporangiophore – stalk that holds the sporangium sporangium – tiny round ball that breaks open to release spores
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test 3 vocab terms - Kingdom Fungi Phylum Zygomycota -...

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