Exam 2.pdf - The Institutions of Government Chapter 6 1...

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The Institutions of Government Chapter 6 1. “bias against action” in Congress a. far easier to kill a bill than to pass one b. passage requires a sustained sequence of victories but opponents need only win once to defeat a bill c. dead bill, however, can be revived and reintroduced 2. casework a. activity undertaken by members of Congress & staff to solve constituents’ problems w/ govt agencies 3.cloture a.parliamentary procedure used to close debate → used in Senate to cut off filibustersb.senators must vote for cloture to halt filibuster except on presidential nominations tooffices other than SC 4. conditional party government a. degree of authority delegated to & exercised by congressional leaders b. varies w/ extent of election-driven ideological consensus among members 5. conference committee a. temporary joint committee of House & Senate appointed to reconcile differences btwn both chambers 6.filibuster 7. gerrymandering a. drawing legislative district in such a way as to give one political party disproportionately large share of seats to help its candidates win 8. House and Senate differences a. House = lower chamber of Congress, 435 seats, 2 year term length, debates only upto 1 hr, origin of revenue bills, 25 yrs old min age b. Senate = upper chamber of Congress, 100 seats, 6 year term length, unlimited debates, responsible for impeachment trials, 30 yrs old min age 9. House Rules Committee a. responsible for rules under which bills will be presented to house b. nonspecific are of policy 10. incumbency advantage 11. lawmaking process (“how a bill becomes a law”)
a. 12. logrolling 13. majority and minority leaders and whips a. maj leader = formal leader of party controlling majority of seats in House/Senate i. Senate → head of maj party ii. House → second in party hierarchy behind Speaker b. maj/min whip = party official in Congress charged w/ managing communications btwn party leaders & members c. min leader = formal leader of party controlling minority of seats in House/Senate 14. open rules vs. closed rules in the House a. open = provision governing debate of pending bill & permitting any amendment to be offered on House floor b. closed = order from House Rules Committee limiting floor debate on particular bill & disallowing/limiting amendment 15. partisanship a. tendency to support particular group, cause, viewpoint, etc.

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