Success College Composition Ch 2 (2).pdf - Successful...

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SuccessfulCollegeCompositionChapter 2The Writing ProcessSusan McDowallKathryn EwersMonica GoodellJames KosmickiChyrel RemmersAshley ScheilMargaret SlusarskiRebecca BartlettJean BoveeMary DixonKimberly OstdiekTerry Schifferns
This text is a transformation ofSuccessful College Composition,originally adapted by KathrynCrowther, Lauren Curtright, Nancy Gilbert, Barbara Hall, Tracienne Ravita, and Kirk Swenson under aCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0License.
The Writing Process362.1 Prewriting36Choosing a Topic...............................................................................................................................36Prewriting Techniques: Brainstorming.............................................................................................36Experience and Observations..........................................................................................................37Reading..............................................................................................................................................37Freewriting.........................................................................................................................................37Asking Questions...............................................................................................................................38Narrowing the focus..........................................................................................................................39Listing................................................................................................................................................40Idea Mapping....................................................................................................................................402.2 Outlining42Purpose of an Outline.......................................................................................................................42Types of Outlines...............................................................................................................................43Creating an Outline...........................................................................................................................442.3 Drafting46Goals and Strategies for Drafting....................................................................................................46Making the Writing Process Work for You.......................................................................................46Discovering the Basic Elements of a First Draft.............................................................................47The Bowtie Method...........................................................................................................................48Starting Your First Draft....................................................................................................................48Continuing the First Draft.................................................................................................................50Writing a Title....................................................................................................................................52Drafting Body Paragraphs................................................................................................................53Drafting Introductory and Concluding Paragraphs.........................................................................582.4 Revising and Editing61Understanding the Purpose of Revising and Editing......................................................................62Completing a Peer Review................................................................................................................62Using Feedback.................................................................................................................................63Creating Unity and Coherence.........................................................................................................64Being Clear and Concise..................................................................................................................66Editing Your Draft..............................................................................................................................69
Checklists for Editing Your Writing...................................................................................................69Sample Student Paper with Outline.................................................................................................72
Page |36C H A P T E R 2The Writing ProcessIf you think that a blank sheet of paper or a blinking cursor on the computer screen is a scary sight,you are not alone. Many writers, students, and employees find that beginning to write can be intimi-dating. When faced with a blank page, however, experienced writers remind themselves that writing,like other everyday activities, is a process. Every process, from writing to cooking, bike riding, andlearning to use a new cell phone, will get significantly easier with practice.Just as you need a recipe, ingredients, and the proper tools to cook a delicious meal, you also need aplan, resources, and adequate time to create a well-written composition. In other words, writing is aprocess that requires following steps and using strategies to accomplish your goals.Effective writing can be simply described as good ideas that are expressed well and arranged in theproper order. This chapter will give you the chance to work on all these important aspects of writing.2.1PrewritingLoosely defined, prewriting includes all the writing strategies employed before writing your first draft.Although many more prewriting strategies exist, the following section covers: using experience andobservations, reading, freewriting, asking questions, listing, and clustering/idea mapping. Using thestrategies in the following section can help you overcome the fear of the blank page and confidentlybegin the writing process.

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