assignment 2-ecom - Ramsha Mansoor BBA-7C 22658 E-COMMERCE...

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Ramsha Mansoor BBA-7C 22658 E-COMMERCE – ASSIGNMENT #2 Open Source or Free Source Software (FOSS) FOSS is the program whose license gives the users freedom of using or running the program for any purpose. It is the software with its source code. Open-source software often developed in a public, collaborative manner. Open-source software is the most prominent example of open- source development and often compared to (technically defined) user-generated content or (legally defined) open-content movements. When IBM and others sold the first large-scale commercial computers, in the 1960s, they came with some software, which was free, shared among users, and it could be improved and modified. In the late 1960s, the situation changed after the ``unbundling'' of IBM software, and in mid-1970s it was usual to find proprietary software, in the sense that users were not allowed to redistribute it, that source code was not available, and that users could not modify the programs. Richard Stallman , one of the MIT lab members at the time, was appalled at the turn of events. It would shape his view of proprietary software and instill in him the resolve to create a free operating system. The GNU project was born in January 1984 and over the next decade; it created a variety of critical tools that formed a portion of the operating system. However, up until 1991 , the GNU project had yet to produce a very free software system due to a missing critical piece: the kernel (heart of the OS). In 1998, a group of FOSS developers came and labeled it as ‘Open Source’, which leads to the formation of Open Source Software.
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