PHIL 105 - Class Notes - 12.03.07

PHIL 105 - Class Notes - 12.03.07 - PHIL 105 Class Notes...

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12/03/07 Obligations towards future generations: 1. most raditional ethical theories ignore the future. 2. We need to develop a broader utilitarianism. a. Consequences for present i. Direct, intended. b. Consequences for future i. Indirect. c. Recognize absolute value of carrying capacity. Biofuels Issues Do not produce more energy than they consume in production. Must include o The energy needed to plant, grow and harvest the corn o The fertilizer and pesticides used on it o The energy costs of transporting o The plant matter and the energy used in production Biofuels In terms of energy output compared with the energy input for biodiesel production, the  study found that o Soybean plants require 27% more fossil energy than the fuel produced. o Sunflower plants require 118% more fossil energy than the fuel produced. They have the potential for exacerbating hunger worldwide. o Worldwide grain production falling o Increases soil and water depletion, desertification, and atmospheric carbon o Make food more expensive They also increase inequality Principle 1 Biofuels cannot replace oil at the current level of usage It would require the amount of crops needed to feed 6 billion people Conservation will be important Only 10-15% of current usage can be replaced by biofuels. Principle 2
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This note was uploaded on 04/11/2008 for the course PHIL 105 taught by Professor Green during the Fall '07 term at SUNY Oneonta.

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PHIL 105 - Class Notes - 12.03.07 - PHIL 105 Class Notes...

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