CT chapter 12 - 1 manuscripts.,.In Germany,.Inthemanuscript...

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1. Monasteries during the Romanesque period produced large amounts of illuminated  manuscripts. Manuscripts were produced by monks and nuns, and were seen as prayers. In  Germany, a manuscript was produced called Hildegard reveals her visions. In the manuscript  it shows Hildegard, a nun, receiving a vision from God and writing it down. The manuscript is very linear and flat. There is no sense of space or portion, which is typical of early  manuscripts. For example Hildegard is almost the same size as the structure she is sitting in.  Later on manuscripts become more sophisticated, but continue to look very stylized.  2. During the Romanesque era pilgrims traveled all over Europe to holy destinations in search of salvation. Over time routes were established and these routes allowed for people to  communicate and travel easier. Pilgrims were important sources of funding for monasteries.  However, because of the large amounts of pilgrims paying homage to saints, it placed a great  burden on these churches. This eventually led to changes in church design like longer and  wider naves and aisles, transepts and ambulatories, and second story galleries. For example  Saint Sernin in Toulouse, France was an important stop on the pilgrimage road and was built  to accommodate the large crowds. Another feature that quickly spread in the 11 th  century was  stone vaulting. Stone vaulting was most likely the result of a desire to provide a beautiful  setting for the display of relics as well as enhanced acoustics. This design became common in 
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