It views natural resources and the environment as global public goods, belonging to
the category of goods that are not diminished when they are shared.
This means that
everyone benefits from for example, a breathable atmosphere, stable climate and
What is Environmental Governance?
The crisis caused by the impact of human activities on nature calls for governance.
Which includes responses by international institutions, governments and citizens, who
should meet this crisis by pooling the experience and knowledge of each of the agents
and institutions concerned.
The environmental protection measures taken remain insufficient. The necessary
reforms require time, energy, money and diplomatic negotiations. The situation has
not generated a unanimous response. Persistent divisions slow progress towards
global environmental governance.
The global nature of the crisis limits the effects of national or sectoral measures.
Cooperation is necessary between actors and institutions in international trade,
sustainable development and peace.
Global, continental, national and local governments have employed a variety of
approaches to environmental governance. Substantial positive and negative spillovers
limit the ability of any single jurisdiction to resolve issues.
Challenges facing environmental governance include:
Inadequate continental and global agreements
Unresolved tensions between maximum development, sustainable development
and maximum protection, limiting funding, damaging links with the economy
and limiting application of Multilateral Environment Agreements (MEAs).
Environmental funding is not self-sustaining, diverting resources from
problem-solving into funding battles.