231717559-Environmental-Goverance.docx - It views natural...

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It views natural resources and the environment as global public goods, belonging to the category of goods that are not diminished when they are shared. [3] This means that everyone benefits from for example, a breathable atmosphere, stable climate and stable biodiversity. What is Environmental Governance?
. Challenges[ edit ] The crisis caused by the impact of human activities on nature calls for governance. Which includes responses by international institutions, governments and citizens, who should meet this crisis by pooling the experience and knowledge of each of the agents and institutions concerned. The environmental protection measures taken remain insufficient. The necessary reforms require time, energy, money and diplomatic negotiations. The situation has not generated a unanimous response. Persistent divisions slow progress towards global environmental governance. The global nature of the crisis limits the effects of national or sectoral measures. Cooperation is necessary between actors and institutions in international trade, sustainable development and peace. Global, continental, national and local governments have employed a variety of approaches to environmental governance. Substantial positive and negative spillovers limit the ability of any single jurisdiction to resolve issues. Challenges facing environmental governance include: Inadequate continental and global agreements Unresolved tensions between maximum development, sustainable development and maximum protection, limiting funding, damaging links with the economy and limiting application of Multilateral Environment Agreements (MEAs). Environmental funding is not self-sustaining, diverting resources from problem-solving into funding battles.
Lack of integration of sector policies Inadequate institutional capacities Ill-defined priorities Unclear objectives Lack of coordination within the UN, governments, the private sector and civil society Lack of shared vision Interdependencies among development/sustainable economic growth, trade, agriculture, health, peace and security. International imbalance between environmental governance and trade and finance programs, e.g., World Trade Organization (WTO). Limited credit for organizations running projects within the Global Environment Facility (GEF) Linking UNEP , United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the World Bank with MEAs Lack of government capacity to satisfy MEA obligations Absence of the gender perspective and equity in environmental governance Inability to influence public opinion [15] [16] [17] Time lag between human action and environmental effect, sometimes as long as a generation [18] Environmental problems being embedded in very complex systems, of which our understanding is still quite weak [18] Local governance[ edit ] A 1997 report observed a global consensus that sustainable development

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