2Running head: JAPAN’S CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEMWhat role do the values of homogeneity and contextualism play?A country’s criminal justice system is mostly influenced by the culture of the society.Japan is a perfect example of how its society’s characteristics and values have influenced the criminal justice system. Japan’s population is homogenous with minority groups being Koreans, Chinese among other groups. The Japanese however make up to 99% of the total population in japan (Reichel, 2002). Homogeneity closely relates to contextualism as one makes a close relation to the environment they are in when they have the attention to the context and objects around them. There are certain control techniques in japan that come out clearly when contextualism is put together with harmony. The value of harmony as seen in japan criminal justice system is inspired by how the ideal harmony is displayed by various primary groups. The criminal justice system of Japan has been impacted by how the society ishomogeneous and displays contextualism and harmony in various aspects of life. When an offender in japan commits a certain crime, it is upon the offender, victim, and control agent tohandle the situation until the desired overall look of things is achieved. This has been the major influence on why Japanese criminal justice systems are preferred informal justice and social over individual rehabilitation.