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Valdez, 1Andrew A. Valdezaav775UGS 303: Dante’s Hell and Its AfterlifeFinal Research PaperAnalyzing The Effects of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and the De-Characterization of ThePatriotic Duty In The Worlds of Dante’s Inferno, The Things They Carried and 9 CirclesDante’s Inferno has many daunting themes inscribed within the text. There are events ofcataclysmic proportions spanning from suicide trees, to giants, and then finally to the image ofLucifer himself. The phrase ‘to hell and back” is a hyperbole of an understatement in the case ofDante’s journey. Such events can posses a weighing effect on the psyche of the individual.Experiencing such horrific events can torment an individual’s mind and spirit, slowly breakingthem down, manipulating their instincts and senses reverting them back to a primitive nature. Inthe sense the same pain is shared by the living; with soldiers whom have had to experience thegrit and grime of wartime. In 9 Circles, by Bill Cain we have a tormented soul, Reeves, undergoa journey to discover his own madness. This madness which was unearthed by the unsightlythings, (to put mildly), he experienced in what he describes as “hell on earth”.This “hell onearth” description of war-time is apparent in other passages of war such as O’Brien’sThe ThingsThey Carried,and Erin P. Finley’sFields of Combat.These documents serve as a reflection ofthe horrors that war creates by dehumanizing soldiers, and de-characterizing the “patriotic duty”into a “hell on earth” scenario that includes suffering from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder whichin turn creates a personal hell for soldiers; confining them in a prison in their mind where there isno “honorable discharge”.