chapter 8 - Chapter 8: Political Parties, Candidates, and...

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1 Chapter 8: Political Parties, Candidates, and Campaigns Political Parties--- is an ongoing coalition of interests joined together in an effort to get its candidates for public office elected under a common label. They bring people together to: achieve control of the government, develop policies favorable to their interests or the groups that support them, and organize and persuade voters to elect their candidates to office.
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2 This is what makes a party a party ***The basic purpose is to nominate candidates for public office and get as many of them elected as possible. The goal is to win elections, not just to compete for it. How is this different from an interest group? The First Parties: America’s first parties originated in the rivalry within George Washington’s administration between Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton Thomas Jefferson--- a supporter of states’ rights and small land-holders Alexander Hamilton—A promoter of strong national government and commercial interests.
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3 Different parties we’ll be discussing: Federalists v. the Democratic Republicans Democrats v the Whigs Democrats v. Republicans Federalists vs. Democratic Republicans Thomas Jefferson and his followers formed a political party called the Republicans Associated themselves with popular government Tried to lead the legacy of self-government Political equality
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4 Alexander Hamilton then organized his supporters into a formal party called the Federalists. Made their name known as the faction that supported ratification of the Constitution During the election of 1800, Jefferson defeated John Adams The Federalists never again controlled the White House or Congress People were under the impression that the political system did not have to operate with political parties. ---James Monroe ran for two terms unopposed
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After James Monroe’s second term, Andrew Jackson kept Jefferson’s commitment to the interests of the ordinary people. Was able to organize a party from the bottom up His party consisted organization at the local, state, and national level. Developed a grassroots party Democrats vs the Whigs Competition between the Whigs and Democrats was brief because of the issue of slavery. It essentially tore both parties apart during the
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chapter 8 - Chapter 8: Political Parties, Candidates, and...

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