Agenda - 28/02/2008 11:16:00 Agenda Political participation...

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Unformatted text preview: 28/02/2008 11:16:00 Agenda Political participation in the US Forms and explanation of participation Patterns Logic of political participation Trends in turnout Why people dont participate Participation bias US vs. other countries introduction to political participation how can citizens bring their concerns to the attention of government public opionion political participation key questions what is political participation why do some people decide to participate in the political world, while others remain silent does participation foster political equality what is participation definitions: o activity that is intended to or has the consequence of affecting, either directly or indirectly, government action o private goal directed activity o actions taken by individuals to express their political views and preferences o defined: an activity that has the intent or effect of influencing government action acts of participation what acts comprise participation? o Voting, protesting, writing to congress, contribute money, prepare campaign mailers, telephone potential voters, work the polls, joinig or supporting interst groups why participate? Costs vs. benefits: o Vote if the benefits outweigh the costs Your vote might swing an election-benefit Civic duty and pleasure of voting- benefit Encouraged to vote by others- personal incentives to increase turnout personal costs to participating voting is costly: o registrations o compulsory- subject to fines in some countries, not US o election day- on Tuesday o called to vote so often o voter registration lists are used for jury duty the voting calculus (pr(decisive vote)*benefit of win)-costs >0 the cost/benefit calculus reconsidered (pr(decisive vote)*benefit of win)-costs) + duty>0 o benefits-costs > 0 o maybe vote factors explaining participations most important factors influencing participation are o personal resources o psychological engagement o voter mobilization o community involvement factors explaining participation personal resources o time o money o civic skills participation rates are higher for activities that require little time, few skills or no expense (voting rather than working for a campaign) psychological engagement o people participate campaigns and parties they are interested in contact public officials regarding issues support causes and join similar political groups sense of political efficacy voter mobilization o process of motivating citizens to vote o participation rates are higher for those who are asked to participate in...
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Agenda - 28/02/2008 11:16:00 Agenda Political participation...

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