At Risk Populations.docx paper social work workshop 5 2021.docx

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1At Risk PopulationsJillian LopezIndiana Wesleyan UniversitySWK-170-01B: Introduction to Social WorkProfessor : Donzell LampkinsMay 17, 2021
2At Risk PopulationsMore than 40 million Black people live in the United States, making u around 13% of thenation’s population, according to 2016 census Bureau estimates (Bialik, 2018). In 2019 USCensus Bureau estimated 48,221,139 African Americans in the United States meaning 14.7% ofthe total American population of 328.2 million is black (“Black Population IN United,” n.d.).I will be sharing some positive along with some negative facts that come with the Black/African American population. 23% of all Black men, women, and children live below povertylevel compared to just 13% of all Americans. The highest poverty rates (39%) are Black familieswith children which are headed by single Black women. Today people of color continue to bedisproportionately incarcerated, policed, and sentenced to death at significantly higher rates thantheir white counterparts. People of color still face discrimination through limiting voting rights,and denying equal access to employment, housing, public benefits, and education to millionsmore. While people of color make up to 30% of the United States population, they account for 60percent of those imprisoned (“Black Population IN United,” n.d.). The percentage grew by 700percent from 1970 to 2005. The incarceration rates disproportionately impact men and women ofcolor. 1 in every 15 Black men and women are incarcerated in comparison to 1 in every 106white men and women. Students of color face harsher punishments in school than their whitepeers, leading to higher numbers of youth of color incarcerated. Black students represent morethan 70% of those involved in school-related arrest or referrals to law enforcement. AfricanAmerican youth have higher rates of juvenile incarceration and are more likely to be sentencedto adult prison (“Black Population IN United,” n.d.). North Carolina has one of the worst recordsin the nation for the deaths of children a year or younger. The rate of black babies’ deaths is a bigreason. This is possible due because of rural areas not having wide access to health care or even
3transportation to go to all the important check appointments. Some younger mothers lack food,and personal necessities (Bonner, 2020).Most minority groups in the United States experience homelessness at higher rates thanwhite populations, and therefore make up a disproportionate share of the homeless population.The most striking disproportionality can be found among African Americans, who make up about40 percent of the homeless population despite only representing 13 percent of the generalpopulation. (“Racial Inequality,” 2020). The African American population has faced slavery for

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