Racism is a pervasive component that dominated history and continues to dominate the
current society. Various scholars have defined racism as systems of cultural, institutional, and
personal values, beliefs, and actions where people or groups are put at a disadvantage due to their
ethnic backgrounds or racial profiles (Tourse et al., 2018). It involves assigning advantages and
privileges to members who subscribe to a particular race or ethnicity (Clayton, 2020). The
persistence of racism has continued to problematically deny many individuals many of their
constitutional freedoms, rights, and privileges. In combating racism, it is essential to draw
attention to and address the concerns of the individuals affected by it, those who perpetrate it,
and those that are likely not affected by racial prejudice.
In addition to this, it is essential to
confront the beliefs and practices that foster racial prejudice or have contributed to its
persistence. Challenging such practices is an essential strategy in liberating the society incredibly
prejudiced from systematic Racism (Bradley, 2019).
Every student is entitled to receive education and attain the highest possible level with
equal and fair treatment. The African American student has been affected by the highest attrition
levels in colleges due to racial prejudice. Despite claims that the current society is post-racial and
color blind, this student demographic has been victims of racism and racial microaggression in
colleges for the longest time. This has affected the performance of such students and hindered
them in achieving their full potential in academia (DeCuir-Gunby, 2009).
Critical Race Theory (CRT) is among the leading theoretical constructs linked racial
prejudice and educational inadequacies to the social and academic injustices against African
American and minority students in predominantly white institutions. Critical Race Theory can be
defined as the progressive work of legal scholars of color to expand jurisprudence accounting for