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Exam #2I.In what SPECIFIC ways did conditions for African Americans improve in the 20th century? 1.Birth of a Nationa.Was a racist film made by the KKK that portrayed African Americans as lazy, corrupt, and obscene.b.Attempts to shape public opinionand public perspectiveon African Americans.c.Was a very successful film, sold over 3 million tickets.d.NAACP proposed that the movie will cause riots.e.The film is praised as a cinematic masterpiece during its time.2.Wartime Migrations (WW1) AKA The Great Migration(1914-1940)a.When WW1 broke out in Europe in 1914, there was a shortage of industrial laborers and new jobs were created in the war industry. b.Recruiters enticed African Americans to move North and by 1919 as many as 1 million African Americans migrated to the Northern cities from the rural South during and after WW1.c.Life for migrants in the city were crowded, there was no legalized segregation in the north but racism and prejudice were widespread.d.Rising rents in segregated areas along with the resurgence of KKK activity causedrace riotsall over the country. The most serious took place in Chicago in July 1919 and lasted 13 days, left many black families injured and homeless.e.The black experience during this Great Migration lead a New Negro Movementand later as the Harlem Renaissancethat defined the culture of blacks during this era.3.Wartime Migrations (WW2) AKA The Second Great Migration (1941-1970)a.Over 5 million African Americans moved North from South, and from Midwest toWest.b.Black war veterans under the benefits of the GI Bill were only allowed at segregated colleges, limited their job training to unskilled work and low-wage jobs.c.Birth of The Civil Rights Movementsparked after WW2.
4.Montgomery Bus Boycotta.In 1955-1956, African Americans refused to ride city buses in Montgomery Alabama to protest against segregated seating.b.Regarded as the first large-scale demonstration against segregation in the US.c.Rosa Parks: refused to yield her seat to a white man, arrested and fine. US Supreme Court Ultimately ordered Montgomery to integrate bus system.