Topic 4--Learning - General Psychology, Dr. LeVasseur Topic...

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General Psychology, Dr. LeVasseur Topic 4: Learning Learning What is learning? 0. Learning occurs when experience causes a change in how we act or what we know 1. Learning new behaviors almost always helps us adapt to changing circumstances. 2. Learning occurs in every setting, not just in classrooms. The Study of Learning 3. Observing and recording the learning experiences of animals in labs. 4. Research goals: 0. What are the principles of learning? 1. Can these be generalized across a variety of animals, even humans? 5. Conditioning 2. Is the process of learning associations between environmental events and behavioral responses. Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) 6. Major contributor to study of learning 7. Russian physiologist who studied digestion 8. Used dogs to study the role of saliva in digestion 9. Stimulus (food) 10.Reflex (saliva) 11.Why would the reflex occur before the stimulus was presented?? Classical Conditioning 12.The basic learning process that involves pairing a neutral stimulus with a response-producing stimulus until the neutral stimulus elicits the same response. 13.UCS—unconditioned stimulus 14.UCR—unconditioned response 15.CS—conditioned stimulus 16.CR—Conditioned response See tables in your textbook 1
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General Psychology, Dr. LeVasseur Topic 4: Learning Once learned, can conditioned responses be eliminated? 0. Gradual weakening 1. CS without US 2. CR gradually disappears 3. Extinction 0. The process of decline and eventual disappearance of the conditioned response 4. Spontaneous recovery 1. The reappearance of a previously extinguished CR after a period of
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Topic 4--Learning - General Psychology, Dr. LeVasseur Topic...

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