November 20 lecture - 1 Shift from Caregiver Regulation to...

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1. Shift from Caregiver Regulation to Self-Regulation - In the first months of life, parents help infants regulate their emotional arousal by controlling their exposure to stimulating events - By 6 months, infants can reduce their distress by averting their gaze and sometimes by self-soothing - Between ages 1 and 2, infants increasingly turn their attention to non-distressing objects or people to distract - Over course of early years, children become more likely to rely on themselves rather than their parents when they must delay gratification o In addition, they become increasingly able to use language to manage their emotional arousal and regulate their expression of negative emotions - Due to maturation of neuron 2. Use of Cognitive Strategies to Control Negative Emotions - Whereas younger children use behavior strategies like distracting themselves w play, older children also employ cognitive strategies such as mentally distracting themselves from negative events or trying to see things in a positive light -
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