Week 1_Early Cinema - Early Cinema Dan-ju Claire Yu...

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Early Cinema Dan-ju Claire Yu
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Pre-cinematic art Shadow play in China (originated in Han Dynasty, widely popular in 16 th ) Magic lantern(17 th ): ancestor of modern slide projector
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Illusion of motion Thaumatrope (wonder-turn) (1826) Two images appear to combine into a single one due to persistence of vision.
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Phenakistoscope (deceive- vision) (1832)
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Zoetrope(life-turning) (invented in 1833, widely popular in 1860s)
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Thaumatrope (wonder-turn) Phenakistoscope (deceive- vision) Zoetrope(life-turning) Illusion: manipulating reality Devices of wonder Animating the inanimate, bring life to objects. It’s magic!
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The Invention and Early Years of Cinema Before the invention of cinema: telephone(1876), phonograph (1877), etc. Industrial era: proliferation of visual forms of popular culture. Eg. photographs, amusement parks, and circus freak shows
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Thomas Edison Invented the Kinetoscope (movement-vision)(1891) Viewers activated the Kinetoscope by putting a coin in a slot. They can then watch the film through a peephole on the machine. It can only be viewed a person a time.
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