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HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
PSYCHODYNAMIC APPROACHESPsychodynamic approaches to personality are basedon the idea that personality is motivated by innerforces and conflicts about which people have littleawareness and over which they have no control.The most important pioneer of the psychodynamicapproach was Sigmund Freud.
PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORYPsychoanalytic theory Freud’s theory thatunconscious forces act as determinants ofpersonality.
TOPOGRAPHYOF MIND/LEVEL OFAWARENESSThere are three levels of awareness.ConsciousnessPreconsciousnessUnConsciousness
CONSCIOUSNESSThe conscious consists of whatever one is aware ofat a particular point in time.For example, at this moment your conscious mayinclude the train of thought in this text and a dimawareness in the back of your mind that your eyesare getting tired and you’re beginning to get hungry.
PRECONSCIOUSNESSThe preconscious contains material justbeneath the surface of awareness that caneasily be retrieved.Exampleyour middle name, what you had for supper lastnight, or an argument you had with a friendyesterday. which contains material that is notthreatening and is easily brought to mind, suchas the knowledge that 2 + 2 = 4
UNCONSCIOUSNESSThe unconscious contains thoughts,memories, and desires that are well belowthe surface of conscious awareness butthat nonetheless exert great influence onbehavior.

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