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He often calls the good

He often calls the good - Tyler Lively Philosophy 102...

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Tyler Lively Philosophy 102 Paper #1 Aristotle often calls the good “happiness” (eudaimonia), which might suggest that the goal is the state of mind which follows good action. But this is not what he means. Eudaimonia on his account is not a state of mind; it consists in action, not in something else resulting from action . The good is “an active life of the element that has a rational principle ... life in the sense of activity” (p. 9). “We identify the end with certain actions and activities; for thus it falls among goods of the soul and not among external goods ... We have practically defined [it] as a sort of good life or good action” (p. 9). A “happy” life is not one lived in a happy state of mind, but one which is objectively happy, one which an impartial judge would regard as fortunate. Fortune, however, suggests something that depends mainly on luck, whereas eudaimonia depends largely on good management. Perhaps worthy of being chosen is the best phrase to use. A good life is one which an impartial judge would regard as worth choosing if there were a choice. Imagine that we are invited to choose our life-histories. A “happy” life is one which a sensible person making a careful choice might select. Happiness as a state of mind or pleasure is a consequence of such a life, but not one of its constituent elements. To live a good life, to live well, is to engage in certain activities; pleasure will result, but is not the goal. The goal in which we all seek has some reason of happiness.
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