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Adolescents and Depression: The Case of Tiffani Bradley Holly Harris School of Social Work, Walden University SOCW 6111: Advanced Clinical Practice l Dr. Pilgrim August 8, 2021
2 ADOLESCENTS AND DEPRESSION Adolescents and Depression Adolescents range from ages 10-19 years old. In this age range, adolescents are going through one of Erik Erickson's Stages of Development called identity vs. role confusion. In this stage, adolescents are learning to develop a sense of self. They form their identity by examining their beliefs, goals, and values (Turner, 2017). This is a vulnerable stage in life for most as our surroundings shape our beliefs and values. Depression is a medical illness that negatively impacts the way you think and feel. Depression causes feelings of sadness and loss of interest in activities you once enjoyed (Torres, 2020). Fortunately, through treatment and medication, depression is curable. 20% of adolescents will experience a depressive episode by the time they are 18, impacting their education, relationships, and behavioral health (Curry et al., 2006). Research Analysis Many risk factors can lead to an increased risk of depression, such as genetics, abuse, substance abuse, low socioeconomic status, and sexual orientation (Dobson & Dozois, 2008). The articles I read went more in-depth into these risk factors and how they affected adolescent depression. Adolescents living in a low socioeconomic neighborhood where crime tends to be high were shown to be at a higher risk for depression (Gepty et al., 2019). The researchers took approximately 300 adolescents and had them complete a self-report measure of rumination, depressive symptoms and provide their addresses. One year later, participants reported depressive symptoms again. Results showed that participants' tendency to ruminate inflamed the relationship between violent crime rates (Gepty et al., 2019).
3 ADOLESCENTS AND DEPRESSION The following article focused on the correlation between depression and the gender of the parent who had abused the child (Moretti & Craig, 2013). For this study, 179 participants completed assessments regarding maternal and paternal abuse, affect dysregulation, and depressive symptoms. The adolescents were asked three separate times over five years. The relationship between maternal abuse and depression was fully mediated at Time 2, and depressive symptoms were practicable by Time 1 as reported by adolescents. Paternal abuse and its correlation for depressive symptoms were found through an indirect relationship with affect dysregulation in males only (Moretti & Craig, 2013). The last article researched the difference in depressive symptoms between heterosexual individuals and mostly heterosexual individuals (Maheux et al., 2021). Researchers took 217 participants who completed online questionnaires asking: gender, sexual orientations, and depressive symptoms. Of the 16.1% of participants who identified as mostly heterosexual, 71.4% had depressive symptoms higher than the clinically significant cutoff of 8, with a mean of 12.69. Heterosexual participants had a total mean of 6.97. These results show that mostly heterosexual persons are at a higher

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