LECTURE NOTES IN THERMODYNAMICS 1 (ME 213).pdf - 8 ME 313...

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8 ME 313 - THERMODYNAMICS 1 COURSE SYLLABUS/ Course Description: A course dealing with the thermodynamics properties of pure substances, ideal and real gases and the study and application of the laws of thermodynamics in the analysis of processes and cycles. It includes introduction to vapour and gas cycles. COURSE OBJECTIVES: To know the principles underlying the utilization of energy in the thermal systems; and introduction to vapour and gas cycles. COURSE OUTLINE: Topics; CHED 1. Introduction 2. Basic Principles, Concepts and definition 3. First Law of Thermodynamics 4. Ideal Gases/Ideal Gas Laws 5. Processes of Ideal Gases 6. Properties of Pure Substance 7. Processes of Pure Substance 8. Introduction to Cycle Analysis; Second law of thermodynamics 9. Introduction to Gas and Vapour cycle 10. Real Gases Textbooks and Reference Books 1. Thermodynamics 6 th edition by Faires, Simman and Brewer 2. Classical Thermodynamics by Wylen and Sonntag, S I edition 3. Thermodynamics by Burghardt 4. Thermodynamics by Boyles 5. Thermodynamics by Sta. Maria 6. Power Plant Reviewer by Mandaue and Capote 7. Power Plant Reviewer by Alcorcon INTRODUCTION In the course of our study of Thermodynamics, a number of the examples presented refer to processes that occur in such equipment as a steam power plant, a fuel cells, a vapour-compression, refrigerator, a thermoelectric cooler, a rocket engine, and an air separation plant. In this introductory chapter, a brief discussion of this equipment is given. There are at least two reasons for including such a chapter. First, many students have had limited contact with such equipment, and the solution of problems will be more significant and relevant when they have some familiarity with
the actual processes and the equipment involved. Second, this chapter will provide an introduction to Thermodynamics including the use of certain terms (which will be more formally defined in later chapters). Some of the problems for which Thermodynamics is relevant, and some accomplishments that have resulted at least in part, from the application of Thermodynamics It should be emphasised that Thermodynamics is relevant to many other processes than those cited in this chapter. It is basic to the study of materials-chemical reactions and plasmas. The student should bear in mind that this chapter is only a brief and necessary incomplete introduction to the subject of thermodynamics. Examples of Ares in Thermodynamics: a. Simple Steam power plant b. Fuel cells c. Vapour compression refrigeration cycle d. Thermoelectric refrigerator e. Air separation Plant f. Combustion engines g. Geothermal power plant h. Direct energy conversion i. Solar energy Founders: 1. Antoine Laurent Lavoisier, founder of modern chemistry 2. Nicolas Leonard Sadi Carnot, His observations led to the naming of a theoretical dynamic cycle after him. He wrote the famous REFLECTIONS on the MOTIVE POWER of FIRE.

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