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Social Contract Thought Piece

Social Contract Thought Piece - when the individual alone...

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Elizabeth Raquel Katzki Social Contract Thought Piece Rousseau’s idea of a social contract is not much different from Judaism’s collective view of the social contract. Judaism views the social contract as an agreement on laws made by the people who are going to follow them, whereas a covenant is the word of G-d being accepted as law. Rousseau’s social contract enables freedom in that, every citizen enables the freedom of the other by adhering to the same laws and living up to the same standards. Punishment is not given by one all-powerful leader, but by the “body politic”, unlike the in a covenant, in which G-d executes punishment. In both Judaic thought, and according to Rousseau’s thought, social contract creates a moral structure, creating “natural law”. Both realms of thought look at the creation of the social contract in different ways. Rousseau looks at it as something that a community creates to save humanity
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Unformatted text preview: when the individual alone cannot survive alone. Judaism looks at the social contract as an instillation of morality, not the obvious continuation of it. The most interesting point that Rousseau makes is about the loss of ideological diversity with the introduction of political parties. He emphasizes the importance of diversity and the individual’s opinion, in that these opinions create minute, solvable, differences, rather that one gaping gap between two opposing ideologies or “perspectives”. Judaism embraces diversity in that the Talmud and other rabbinic writings include every perspective and value them. Judaism bases itself on the idea of questioning and answering those questions; an example being Midrash. There are many similarities between the two explanations of social contract, which makes sense. Community is a source of continuity in all civilizations, and this is predicated on the social contract....
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