History review for first final

History review for first final - History review for first...

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History review for first final Chapter 1 o Native Americans 1675: NA declared war on New Englanders, causing many villages to be deserted o Political and religious controversies formed English migration to America England disregarded religious reform (angered Puritans) Charles I attempted to rule England without Parliament Civil war (Royalists vs. Parliamentarians) Glorious Revolution o Entrepreneurs in Virginia Raising money was the major obstacle to fully colonize the New World Solution: joint-stock company A business organization in which people could invest without the fear of bankruptcy The company’s success led to the creation of the Virginia charter Authorized the London company to establish plantations in Virginia (led by Sir Thomas Smith) o Governmental order Captain John Smith came to the colonists and brought governmental order out of anarchy o Tobacco John Rolfe grew tobacco, which became an economic solution o Sir Edwin Sandys Promised an elective representative assembly called the House of Burgesses Created the headright system Made sure that every colonist received a 50-acre lot o Indentured servants Colonists who promised servitude in exchange for transportation across the Atlantic Mostly male laborers were hired lack of families and offspring o Maryland Sir George Calvert founded the colony The colony was a troubled refuge for Catholics so Cecilus, Calvert’s son, offered Catholics safety while making sure the Protestants stay Social hierarchy Lords of manor People who owned less land and enjoyed fewer privileges People refused to pay their social roles
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Lords Baltimore drafted the Act Concerning Religion Extended toleration to all who accepted christ o Pilgrims They came for religious freedom They signed the Mayflower Compact to combine into a civil body politick o Great Migration/Massachusetts Bay colony Puritans migrated over to Massachusetts Bay to establish a colony and fulfill their religious reforms Population increase in Massachusetts bay colony New Englanders were able to live for a very long time Congregationalism Church government Many joined the church many voters New England experienced an economic boost through selling shares Allowed settlers to receive sufficient land to live on o Laws and Liberties (1648) English code of law that was drawn up in response to the massive conflict of colonies in America Explained the rights and responsibilities of the commoners o Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson made it difficult for Puritans to obtain religious freedom Roger Williams: preached separatism and said that God will punish for religious freedom (established colony of Rhode Island) Anne Hutchinson: religious ideas were considered Antinomianism (illegal) and her defense was ruined by her personal revelation o Quakers Inherited New Jersey but soon lost it after corruption
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History review for first final - History review for first...

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