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Introduction to PsychologyIntroduction to PsychologyLumen LearningExcept where expressly noted otherwise, thecontents of this course are based on materialsoriginally published by OpenStaxCollege under a CC-BY Creative CommonsAttribution License. Download the originalmaterial for free at .Cover Art is by the CADARN project, CC BY license.Introduction to Psychology by Lumen Learning islicensed under a Creative Commons Attribution4.0 International License,except where otherwise noted.
-intropsychmaster-1CONTENTSAbout This CourseAbout ThisCourse..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................11• About ThisCourse............................................................................................................................................. 1Preface..............................................................................................................................................................1Introduction to PsychologyIntroduction to
Psychology....................................................................................................................................................................................................................66• Introduction toPsychology.................................................................................................................................6• What IsPsychology?.........................................................................................................................................9• History ofPsychology...................................................................................................................................... 12• Tutorial: Psychology'sTimeline.......................................................................................................................23• ContemporaryPsychology...............................................................................................................................23• Video: Intro toPsychology...............................................................................................................................35• Careers inPsychology.....................................................................................................................................
36• PsychologicalPerspectives.............................................................................................................................40Psychological ResearchPsychologicalResearch........................................................................................................................................................................................................................5353• Introduction to PsychologicalResearch...........................................................................................................53• Why Is ResearchImportant?...........................................................................................................................56• Approaches toResearch.................................................................................................................................63• Tutorial: What's Wrong With ThisStudy?........................................................................................................71• Video: PsychologicalResearch.......................................................................................................................72• AnalyzingFindings..............................................................
............................................................................. 72Ethics...............................................................................................................................................................86• Lecture: PsychologicalResearch....................................................................................................................90• StatisticalThinking........................................................................................................................................... 91BiopsychologyBiopsychology......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................9999• Introduction toBiospychology..........................................................................................................................99• HumanGenetics............................................................................................................................................101• Cells of the NervousSystem...............................................................
..........................................................108• Video: The ChemicalMind.............................................................................................................................116• Parts of the NervousSystem.........................................................................................................................116• The Brain and SpinalCord............................................................................................................................120• Video: Meet Your Master - Getting to Know YourBrain................................................................................137• The EndocrineSystem..................................................................................................................................137• Video: A SplitBrain........................................................................................................................................140• Tutorial: The Brain andBehavior...................................................................................................................141Nature vs. Nurture and EpigeneticsNature vs.Nurture andEpigenetics.........................................................
.......................................................................................................................142142• The Nature-NurtureQuestion........................................................................................................................142• What Have We Learned About Nature–Nurture?..........................................................................................147• Introduction toEpigenetics............................................................................................................................150• GeneVariation...............................................................................................................................................151• Childhood Experiences andEpigenetics.......................................................................................................153• Epigenetics and Learning, Memory, andPsychologicalDisorders................................................................ 155State of ConsciousnessState ofConsciousness...........................................................................................................................................................................................................
...........158158• Introduction to State ofConsciousness.........................................................................................................158• What IsConsciousness?............................................................................................................................... 166• Video:Consciousness...................................................................................................................................173• Sleep and Why WeSleep..............................................................................................................................173• Stages ofSleep............................................................................................................................................. 178• Video: To Sleep, Perchance toDream..........................................................................................................184• Sleep Problems andDisorders......................................................................................................................185
• Substance Use andAbuse............................................................................................................................191• Resource: Rat Park andAddiction.................................................................................................................201• Resource: The Mind onDrugs.......................................................................................................................201• Other States ofConsciousness.....................................................................................................................202• Video: AlteredStates.....................................................................................................................................206Sensation and PerceptionSensation and Perception..............................................................................................................................................................................................................207207• Introduction to Sensation andPerception......................................................................................................207• Sensation versusPerception..........................................................
...............................................................211• Video: Sensation &Perception......................................................................................................................216• Waves andWavelengths.......................................................

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