Sociology 170 lecture - Sociology 170- Social Change Tugal...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Sociology 170- Social Change Tugal January 22 nd , 2008 Social Change Where does it come from? o The State o Religion - important Values of religion can produce or stop social change Democracy o Not a thing, but a process o We will see that the mainstream definition of democracy emphasizes certain variables and characteristics of regimes o Toucqueville - standard definition of democracy Democratization as a process o Took the US centuries to get to the point where we are now o Historical processes has led to our freedoms i.e. Minorities/women have been disenfranchised in American history. Through processes, they have gained rights o Why is this important? Especially for the middle east? Democracy cannot come to a country over night. o Democracy is never complete It is always negotiated Certain groups will always come and try to take back democratic rights and other groups would argue that society as of it is now is not democratic enough o To sociology, democracy is not only a regime, it is an exercise of power Sociology looks at the people- how they actually use democracy For us, democracy is an exercise of power, rather than what is on paper Room change Section- Barrows 186 Reader available at copy central January 24 th , 2008 Tocqueville- Background Tocqueville - Democracy in America Talks about democracy in France Analysis of the French Revolution o Argues that the democratic results of the revolution were already in the making throughout the 17 th and 18 th centuries
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
o The revolution, he argues, did not do much to further democracy in France o Just the opposite, it had many damages to democracy because it expanded the state into extreme limits The French central government started to harm democracy in France In his travels to the United States , he discovered a much better model o Their revolution wasn’t as bloody or aristocratic o The last remnants of aristocracy were starting to move away during his visit. o Trying to understand why the US is successful. Being an aristocrat, he still has criticisms of democracy o Sees the flaws and weaknesses Democracy in the US (as opposed to France) The US in the 1830s- Three distinctions between France and the US o What is special about the 1830s in the US is the populist began to have power o 1. Jacksonian Democracy – reassertion of government for the people by the people against some form of elitism Started to have their own elections Judicial system started to become institutionalized Jacksonian Democracy - different from earlier decades of American democracy Unlike the French revolution, the US Revolution did not try to sweep up the aristocrats ; it wasn’t until the 1830s that the aristocratic party started to lose party The Free Market - essential to Jacksonian Democracy. Expansion toward the West
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/11/2008 for the course SOC 170 taught by Professor Tugal during the Fall '08 term at University of California, Berkeley.

Page1 / 45

Sociology 170 lecture - Sociology 170- Social Change Tugal...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online