Lecture Notes 9/18
What does the organization do, and how do they do it, to create the incentives to make the workers
do their jobs?
Division of labor/assignment of tasks- in an orderly rationale way, then everybody would just do
Real contribution from Weber: Looked at Western Europe and could see how things could change,
and decided to put his finger on it. What is it that has been released upon the world to make the
progression of cities and industries?
It is the
principle of rationality
Rationality is the human capacity of
Rationality represents humans at its
Without rationalization, there will be too much slack- and the industrial powerhouse will
- rationality that is instrumented to the achievement of
(the capacity to problem solve, or achieve goals, in the
most efficient way possible)
- more concerned with the human touch
tool in human self organization
- not democratic.
In democratic societies, the spread of bureaucracy
is a problem. Freedom by day, and chain of command by night.
- people are less important than the definitions of the jobs that
they fill. Because the essence of bureaucracy is a division of labor that is
The keeping of files
- to keep records of previous transactions, and store those for
anybody who needs to know can access them; but excludes them from anybody
who has no business to look in those files.
- everyone falls under rules. Bureaucracies are synonymous with rules and
regulations. Rules and regulations that teach us how to deal with the public and
one another. Tend to replicate like viruses, because the aim is to make the human
action within as machine like and impersonal as possible, to
minimize the human
- which is tantamount to inefficiency.
The personal are accountable
- they can’t take side fees (
). You may
pay a fee to the organization, but it doesn’t go to the little man.
Bureaucracies emerge out of laws and rules.
The Rational Legal System
- where power is organized by office holders, bosses,
politicians, etc., in which, unlike the US, who hold their offices because they have been
elected by the popular vote.
Through bureaucracy- we lose the
, but at the same time, we gain something
efficiency, predictability, calculability and control
For all of the glory that we are able to produce, we have lost a hold on
Weber was very worried that he would sound dreamy and romantic