soc 110- lecture notes

soc 110- lecture notes - Soc 110 Lecture Notes 9/18...

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Soc 110 Lecture Notes 9/18 Critical Organizational Theory What does the organization do, and how do they do it, to create the incentives to make the workers do their jobs? Administrative Theory Max Weber Division of labor/assignment of tasks- in an orderly rationale way, then everybody would just do their goals Real contribution from Weber: Looked at Western Europe and could see how things could change, and decided to put his finger on it. What is it that has been released upon the world to make the progression of cities and industries? o It is the principle of rationality o Rationality is the human capacity of problem solving o Rationality represents humans at its optimal o Without rationalization, there will be too much slack- and the industrial powerhouse will fall apart Instrumental rationality - rationality that is instrumented to the achievement of goals at whatever costs (the capacity to problem solve, or achieve goals, in the most efficient way possible) Substantive rationality - more concerned with the human touch Bureaucracy: the most efficient tool in human self organization o Characteristics: They are impersonal Hierarchical - not democratic. In democratic societies, the spread of bureaucracy is a problem. Freedom by day, and chain of command by night. Job description - people are less important than the definitions of the jobs that they fill. Because the essence of bureaucracy is a division of labor that is predicated by function . The keeping of files - to keep records of previous transactions, and store those for anybody who needs to know can access them; but excludes them from anybody who has no business to look in those files. Rules - everyone falls under rules. Bureaucracies are synonymous with rules and regulations. Rules and regulations that teach us how to deal with the public and one another. Tend to replicate like viruses, because the aim is to make the human action within as machine like and impersonal as possible, to minimize the human element - which is tantamount to inefficiency. The personal are accountable - they can’t take side fees ( corruption ). You may pay a fee to the organization, but it doesn’t go to the little man. o Bureaucracies emerge out of laws and rules. o The Rational Legal System - where power is organized by office holders, bosses, politicians, etc., in which, unlike the US, who hold their offices because they have been elected by the popular vote. o Through bureaucracy- we lose the human touch , but at the same time, we gain something enormous- efficiency, predictability, calculability and control For all of the glory that we are able to produce, we have lost a hold on meaningfulness (human/personal touch) Weber was very worried that he would sound dreamy and romantic
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He said there are different principles of rationality : We have different motives to do what we want (religion). We run to religion for that human touch o We lock ourselves in the
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This note was uploaded on 04/11/2008 for the course SOC 110 taught by Professor Powers during the Fall '07 term at Berkeley.

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soc 110- lecture notes - Soc 110 Lecture Notes 9/18...

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