Exam 3 Outline - HIST 105 Baum PART 3 NOTES*beginning info...

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HIST 105 - BaumPART 3 NOTES*beginning info is same as end info of Part 2 NotesIX.A House Divided, 1840-1861A.The Mexican War and Expansionism: Greed, Manifest Destiny, and Inevitability:Liberty Partymanner in which question of slavery introduced into national politics not over issue of abolitionover what was going to be status of slavery in Western territoryevery time territory added, necessary to draw line between slavery and freedomTexas-ill-defined region-Southern boundary - Nueces river-1820s - generous colonization laws passed by Mexican govt that transform TX-authorized land agents - given huge tracts of land w/ obligation to settle w/ immigrants of high-moral character that would be authentic settlers, not land speculators-Cultural differences - many transplanted Americans disdain Mexicans as being culturally and racially inferior-Anglo-Texans objected to anti-slavery provisions in Mexican national lawsold Mexican law allowed introduction of slaves but freed children at age 14subsequent laws outlawed domestic slave trademade Texans nervous about security in property of slaves-hard to find bottom line, any sense of tyranny of oppression-actions of US govt imposed w/ Mexican govtUS guilty of high-handed policyMexico guilty of political instability - embarrassment-Aggressive DiplomacyAdams-Onis treatysigned by US - made Senign river expressly excluded TXattempt by US presidents to get around thisAdams offered Mexico $1 million to buy Texas at Rio Grande boundaryNO WAY JOSEMexico committed to Adams-Onis treaty
HIST 105 - BaumJackson raised price to $5 million, sent Butler to pressure Mexicans and failedas a result - Mexicans fears of US arousedMexican confirms suspicions of offers to buy TX and rapid rate of Americans settling-Centralists vs. Federalists - always going to argue w/ each other-never a peaceful succession-Antonio Lopez de Santa Annaleading figureable to get many supportersinspired troops, made friends, Sam Houston even kind of liked himwhen Santa Anna held power as Federalist in Mexico - things went very well for Anglo-Texas settlersrestore US immigration, agreed to provide TX w/ mail service, trial by jury, judicial reforms, more soldiers sent to fight Comanche IndiansStephen F. Austin - can we make English official language? SURE WHY NOTlater, returns to power as Centralist-1834 rescinded autonomy granted as a Federalist - est. harsh Centralist govt-all TX Federalists worry property and slaves will become worthless-fear American immigrants will be expelled and lose lands-1835 - marches w/ 6000 Mexican soldiers to punish Anglo-Texan FederalistsA.1.The Texas Revolution and the Texas Republic:Tejano/Anglo Federalist friendship strongLorenzo de Zavala came to TX to continue fight against Centralists and Santa Annade Zavala becomes VPwar launched against Cherokees - clear in law that Indians have no civic or politicalrights1837 - TX Congress, Lonestar Republic, called for annexation to the US-

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