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intelligence the ability to acquire and apply knowledge and skills crystallized intelligence factual knowledge fluid intelligence ability to think on the spot oral development first year of life basic needs are met by eating or sucking anal development second year of life children can control some bodily functions phallic development 3-6 years old become interested in genitalia superego emerges avoid guilt cause by breaking rules latency development 6-12 years old sexual desire hidden in unconscious energy put into social and intellectual pursuit genital development begins at sexual maturity sexual energy released and directed toward opposite sex id present from birth pleasure principle, primary process thinking ego emerges later in first year reality principle, secondary process thinking superego emerges between 3-6 years old moral imperatives basic trust vs. mistrust first year of life develop ability to trust others learn to feel good around other people autonomy vs. shame and doubt 1-3.5 years old motivation to develop sense of independence initiative vs. guilt 4-6 years old children identify with and learn from parents
industry vs. inferiority 6-puberty crucial for ego development learn cognitive and social skills identity vs. role confusion teen-adulthood achieve sense of identity by answering "who am i?" watson behaviorism