Lecture+3-Sounds+of+English+I - Sounds!of!English 2...

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Sounds of English 4/7/14
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Why should we study language? “When we study human language, we are approaching what some might call the ‘human essence,’ the distinctive qualities of mind that are, so far as we know, unique to man.” –Noam Chomsky “Language is like other parts of our very being that we just accept and expect to work well for us. Consider physical fitness.We usually do not think much about either language or our bodies until there is some kind of breakNdown or problem.” –Shirley Brice Heath 2
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Some basic facts about language It is rule governed It is made up of symbols These symbols are arbitrary /pom/ 3
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What is Linguistics? Linguistics: a systematic inquiry into human language linguistic competence communicative competence 4
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Learning phonetics (study of speech sounds) Why it’s important: For language learning For accurately pinpointing and describing speech (and phonetic variation) For becoming better listeners “[Research shows] that the more experience interlocutors have with varieties of English, the less difficulty they have in processing what they hear” (Kachru & Smith, pp. 80). 5
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How could we talk about sounds? The English spelling system?
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