Lecture+7-Language%2C+nation%2C+_+culture+I

Lecture+7-Language%2C+nation%2C+_+culture+I - 1 Models of...

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Models’of’cultural’adaptation’ U’ W’ positive’ positive’ negative’ (culture’shock)’ positive’ negative’ (culture’shock)’ positive’ positive’ negative’ (re-entry’shock)’ 10%’ 30%’ 10%’ 15%’ 35%’ (Kealey,’1989)’ 1
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Language,’Nation,’&’Culture’I’ 4/21/14’ “Which’was’frst:’the’language’patterns’or’the’ cultural’norms?”’(WhorF,’1956,’p.’156)’
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language’–’thought’–’culture’ Franz’Boas:’ all’languages’are’equally’complex’and’logical’ language’has’minor’influence’on’thought’ Edward’Sapir:’ all’languages’are’well-constructed’to’do’the’work’of’the’ speaker’ language’has’a’strong’influence’on’thought’(“tyrannical’ hold”)’ Benjamin’Whorf:’ the’less’obvious’language’categories’are’more’likely’to’ influence’thought’ language’categories’a±ect’speakers²’overall’worldview’ 3
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Sapir-Whorf’hypothesis’ There’is’a’systematic’ relationship’between’ the’lexical’and’ grammatical’ categories’of’a’ language’and’how’its’ speakers’understand’ the’world’and’behave’ in’it.’ 4
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Sapir-Whorf’hypothesis’ Strong’version’(Linguistic’determinism):’ We’can’never’escape’the’conFnes’our’language’ imposes’upon’our’thought,’or’think’outside’of’our’ language’ Weak’version’ (Linguistic’relativity):’ Language’influences’how’we’think,’ ’but’does’not’determine’it’ language’ thought’ Language’ Culture’ Thought’ 5
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Areas’of’investigation’(an’outline)’ Lexicon’(words)’ Grammar’ General:’portrayal’of’abstract’concepts’ Space’ Time’ Color’ 6
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Lexicon:’“Eskimo’words’for’snow”’ “We’have’the’same’word’for’falling’snow,’snow’on’the’ground,’snow’ packed’hard’like’ice,’slushy’snow,’wind-driven’flying’snow-’whatever’the’ situation’may’be.’To’an’Eskimo,’this’all-inclusive’word’would’be’almost’ unthinkable;’he’would’say’that’falling’snow,’slushy’snow,’and’so’on,’are’
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  • Fall '09
  • Franz  Boas

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